The initget function provides a level of control over the next user-input function call.
The initget function establishes various options for use by the next entsel, nentsel, nentselp, or getXXX function (except getstring, getvar, and getenv). This function accepts two arguments, bits and string, both of which are optional. The bits argument specifies one or more control bits that enable or disable certain input values to the next user-input function call. The string argument can specify keywords that the next user-input function call will recognize.
The control bits and keywords established by initget apply only to the next user-input function call. They are discarded after that call. The application does not have to call initget a second time to clear special conditions.
More than one condition can be set at a time by adding the values together (in any combination) to create a bits value between 0 and 255. If bits is not included or is set to 0, none of the control conditions applies to the next user-input function call. (For a complete listing of initget bit settings.)
(initget (+ 1 2 4)) (getint "\nHow old are you? ")
This sequence requests the user's age. AutoCAD displays an error message and repeats the prompt if the user attempts to enter a negative or zero value, or if the user only presses Enter, or enters a string (the getint function rejects attempts to enter a value that is not an integer).
The optional string argument of initget specifies a list of keywords recognized by the next user-input function call. The user-input function returns one of the predefined keywords if the input from the user matches the spelling of a keyword (not case sensitive), or if the user enters the abbreviation of a keyword.
(defun C:GETNUM (/ num) (initget 1 "Pi Two-pi") (setq num (getreal "Pi/Two-pi/<number>: ")) (cond ((eq num "Pi") pi) ((eq num "Two-pi") (* 2.0 pi)) (T num) ) )
The bits argument of initget is passed a value of 1 which inhibits null input, and the string argument is passed a string value that represents two keywords, "Pi" and "Two-pi". The getreal function is used to obtain a real number, issuing the following prompt:
The result is placed in the local variable symbol num. If the user enters a number, that number is returned by C:GETNUM. However, if the user enters the keyword Pi (or simply P), getreal returns the keyword Pi. The cond function detects this and returns the value of PI in this case. The Two-pi keyword is handled similarly.