Manipulate the Current View (.NET)

 
 
 

You access the current view of a viewport in Model or Paper space by using the GetCurrentView method of the Editor object. The GetCurrentView method returns a ViewTableRecord object. You use the ViewTableRecord object to manipulate the magnification, position, and orientation of the view in the active viewport. Once the ViewTableRecord object has been changed, you update the current view of the active viewport with the SetCurrentView method.

Some of the common properties that you will use to manipulate the current view are:

VBA Code Cross Reference

Function used to manipulate the current view

This example code is a common procedure that is used by later examples. The Zoom procedure accepts four parameters to accomplish zooming to a boundary, panning or centering the view of a drawing, and scaling the view of a drawing by a given factor. The Zoom procedure expects all coordinate values to be provided in WCS coordinates.

The parameters of the Zoom procedure are:

VB.NET

Imports Autodesk.AutoCAD.ApplicationServices
Imports Autodesk.AutoCAD.DatabaseServices
Imports Autodesk.AutoCAD.Runtime
Imports Autodesk.AutoCAD.Geometry
 
Public Sub Zoom(ByVal pMin As Point3d, ByVal pMax As Point3d, _
                ByVal pCenter As Point3d, ByVal dFactor As Double)
    '' Get the current document and database
    Dim acDoc As Document = Application.DocumentManager.MdiActiveDocument
    Dim acCurDb As Database = acDoc.Database

    Dim nCurVport As Integer = System.Convert.ToInt32(Application.GetSystemVariable("CVPORT"))

    '' Get the extents of the current space when no points 
    '' or only a center point is provided
    '' Check to see if Model space is current
    If acCurDb.TileMode = True Then
        If pMin.Equals(New Point3d()) = True And _
            pMax.Equals(New Point3d()) = True Then

            pMin = acCurDb.Extmin
            pMax = acCurDb.Extmax
        End If
    Else
        '' Check to see if Paper space is current
        If nCurVport = 1 Then
            If pMin.Equals(New Point3d()) = True And _
                pMax.Equals(New Point3d()) = True Then

                pMin = acCurDb.Pextmin
                pMax = acCurDb.Pextmax
            End If
        Else
            '' Get the extents of Model space
            If pMin.Equals(New Point3d()) = True And _
                pMax.Equals(New Point3d()) = True Then

                pMin = acCurDb.Extmin
                pMax = acCurDb.Extmax
            End If
        End If
    End If

    '' Start a transaction
    Using acTrans As Transaction = acCurDb.TransactionManager.StartTransaction()
        '' Get the current view
        Using acView As ViewTableRecord = acDoc.Editor.GetCurrentView()
            Dim eExtents As Extents3d

            '' Translate WCS coordinates to DCS
            Dim matWCS2DCS As Matrix3d
            matWCS2DCS = Matrix3d.PlaneToWorld(acView.ViewDirection)
            matWCS2DCS = Matrix3d.Displacement(acView.Target - Point3d.Origin) * matWCS2DCS
            matWCS2DCS = Matrix3d.Rotation(-acView.ViewTwist, _
                                           acView.ViewDirection, _
                                           acView.Target) * matWCS2DCS

            '' If a center point is specified, define the min and max 
            '' point of the extents
            '' for Center and Scale modes
            If pCenter.DistanceTo(Point3d.Origin) <> 0 Then
                pMin = New Point3d(pCenter.X - (acView.Width / 2), _
                                   pCenter.Y - (acView.Height / 2), 0)

                pMax = New Point3d((acView.Width / 2) + pCenter.X, _
                                   (acView.Height / 2) + pCenter.Y, 0)
            End If

            '' Create an extents object using a line
            Using acLine As Line = New Line(pMin, pMax)
                eExtents = New Extents3d(acLine.Bounds.Value.MinPoint, _
                                         acLine.Bounds.Value.MaxPoint)
            End Using

            '' Calculate the ratio between the width and height of the current view
            Dim dViewRatio As Double
            dViewRatio = (acView.Width / acView.Height)

            '' Tranform the extents of the view
            matWCS2DCS = matWCS2DCS.Inverse()
            eExtents.TransformBy(matWCS2DCS)

            Dim dWidth As Double
            Dim dHeight As Double
            Dim pNewCentPt As Point2d

            '' Check to see if a center point was provided (Center and Scale modes)
            If pCenter.DistanceTo(Point3d.Origin) <> 0 Then
                dWidth = acView.Width
                dHeight = acView.Height

                If dFactor = 0 Then
                    pCenter = pCenter.TransformBy(matWCS2DCS)
                End If

                pNewCentPt = New Point2d(pCenter.X, pCenter.Y)
            Else '' Working in Window, Extents and Limits mode
                 '' Calculate the new width and height of the current view
                dWidth = eExtents.MaxPoint.X - eExtents.MinPoint.X
                dHeight = eExtents.MaxPoint.Y - eExtents.MinPoint.Y

                '' Get the center of the view
                pNewCentPt = New Point2d(((eExtents.MaxPoint.X + eExtents.MinPoint.X) * 0.5), _
                                         ((eExtents.MaxPoint.Y + eExtents.MinPoint.Y) * 0.5))
            End If

            '' Check to see if the new width fits in current window
            If dWidth > (dHeight * dViewRatio) Then dHeight = dWidth / dViewRatio

            '' Resize and scale the view
            If dFactor <> 0 Then
                acView.Height = dHeight * dFactor
                acView.Width = dWidth * dFactor
            End If

            '' Set the center of the view
            acView.CenterPoint = pNewCentPt

            '' Set the current view
            acDoc.Editor.SetCurrentView(acView)
        End Using

        '' Commit the changes
        acTrans.Commit()
    End Using
End Sub

C#

using Autodesk.AutoCAD.ApplicationServices;
using Autodesk.AutoCAD.DatabaseServices;
using Autodesk.AutoCAD.Runtime;
using Autodesk.AutoCAD.Geometry;
 
static void Zoom(Point3d pMin, Point3d pMax, Point3d pCenter, double dFactor)
{
    // Get the current document and database
    Document acDoc = Application.DocumentManager.MdiActiveDocument;
    Database acCurDb = acDoc.Database;

    int nCurVport = System.Convert.ToInt32(Application.GetSystemVariable("CVPORT"));

    // Get the extents of the current space when no points 
    // or only a center point is provided
    // Check to see if Model space is current
    if (acCurDb.TileMode == true)
    {
        if (pMin.Equals(new Point3d()) == true && 
            pMax.Equals(new Point3d()) == true)
        {
            pMin = acCurDb.Extmin;
            pMax = acCurDb.Extmax;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        // Check to see if Paper space is current
        if (nCurVport == 1)
        {
            // Get the extents of Paper space
            if (pMin.Equals(new Point3d()) == true && 
                pMax.Equals(new Point3d()) == true)
            {
                pMin = acCurDb.Pextmin;
                pMax = acCurDb.Pextmax;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            // Get the extents of Model space
            if (pMin.Equals(new Point3d()) == true && 
                pMax.Equals(new Point3d()) == true)
            {
                pMin = acCurDb.Extmin;
                pMax = acCurDb.Extmax;
            }
        }
    }

    // Start a transaction
    using (Transaction acTrans = acCurDb.TransactionManager.StartTransaction())
    {
        // Get the current view
        using (ViewTableRecord acView = acDoc.Editor.GetCurrentView())
        {
            Extents3d eExtents;

            // Translate WCS coordinates to DCS
            Matrix3d matWCS2DCS;
            matWCS2DCS = Matrix3d.PlaneToWorld(acView.ViewDirection);
            matWCS2DCS = Matrix3d.Displacement(acView.Target - Point3d.Origin) * matWCS2DCS;
            matWCS2DCS = Matrix3d.Rotation(-acView.ViewTwist, 
                                            acView.ViewDirection, 
                                            acView.Target) * matWCS2DCS;

            // If a center point is specified, define the min and max 
            // point of the extents
            // for Center and Scale modes
            if (pCenter.DistanceTo(Point3d.Origin) != 0)
            {
                pMin = new Point3d(pCenter.X - (acView.Width / 2),
                                    pCenter.Y - (acView.Height / 2), 0);

                pMax = new Point3d((acView.Width / 2) + pCenter.X,
                                    (acView.Height / 2) + pCenter.Y, 0);
            }

            // Create an extents object using a line
            using (Line acLine = new Line(pMin, pMax))
            {
                eExtents = new Extents3d(acLine.Bounds.Value.MinPoint,
                                            acLine.Bounds.Value.MaxPoint);
            }

            // Calculate the ratio between the width and height of the current view
            double dViewRatio;
            dViewRatio = (acView.Width / acView.Height);

            // Tranform the extents of the view
            matWCS2DCS = matWCS2DCS.Inverse();
            eExtents.TransformBy(matWCS2DCS);

            double dWidth;
            double dHeight;
            Point2d pNewCentPt;

            // Check to see if a center point was provided (Center and Scale modes)
            if (pCenter.DistanceTo(Point3d.Origin) != 0)
            {
                dWidth = acView.Width;
                dHeight = acView.Height;

                if (dFactor == 0)
                {
                    pCenter = pCenter.TransformBy(matWCS2DCS);
                }

                pNewCentPt = new Point2d(pCenter.X, pCenter.Y);
            }
            else // Working in Window, Extents and Limits mode
            {
                // Calculate the new width and height of the current view
                dWidth = eExtents.MaxPoint.X - eExtents.MinPoint.X;
                dHeight = eExtents.MaxPoint.Y - eExtents.MinPoint.Y;

                // Get the center of the view
                pNewCentPt = new Point2d(((eExtents.MaxPoint.X + eExtents.MinPoint.X) * 0.5),
                                            ((eExtents.MaxPoint.Y + eExtents.MinPoint.Y) * 0.5));
            }

            // Check to see if the new width fits in current window
            if (dWidth > (dHeight * dViewRatio)) dHeight = dWidth / dViewRatio;

            // Resize and scale the view
            if (dFactor != 0)
            {
                acView.Height = dHeight * dFactor;
                acView.Width = dWidth * dFactor;
            }

            // Set the center of the view
            acView.CenterPoint = pNewCentPt;

            // Set the current view
            acDoc.Editor.SetCurrentView(acView);
        }

        // Commit the changes
        acTrans.Commit();
    }
}