Select either the Theoretical (required) reinforcement layout located in the RC slabs design or Design > Required reinforcement
of RC slabs/walls - options > Calculations to evaluate the reinforcement area for plates or shells.
Only the Calculations option is active which may be performed using either the equivalent stiffness (elastic) or the stiffness
update (inelastic) methods.
To access Verification option, select Analysis > Verification in the Slab - provided reinforcement layout.
The name of the code used for determining parameters of panel reinforcement type is displayed on the dialog title bar.
To begin calculations of plate or shell reinforcement, do the following.
- Limit states allows the definition of load cases taken into consideration during calculations for individual load cases in
appropriate limit states (ULS, SLS and ALS - accidental state). SLS determines the code conditions for cracking (expressed
in some codes by stresses or deformations) except deflections (Deflection verification field). Enter the appropriate load
case numbers or click . In the Selection dialog box, select the load cases or load case combinations for particular limit states. If code combinations
have been defined, then activating the relevant option in the Limit states field () determines the limit state for which the generated code combinations will be taken into account in calculations.
- Select panels that will be considered in calculations of the required reinforcement; Enter panel numbers or click and choose panels in the Selection dialog box
- Determine the method of calculating shell or plate reinforcement. The following calculation methods are available: analytical
method, the method of equivalent moments (NEN), and Wood&Armer method of equivalent moments (see also: Method of calculating plate and shell reinforcement area).
Take note of two issues:
- Panel calculations are performed only for panels with numbers specified in the List of panels field and for cases or case
combinations specified in the ULS, SLS, ACC fields.
- After modifying the parameters of a reinforcement set for a panel with calculated reinforcement, or a reinforcement parameter
set for a panel, the reinforcement calculation results are out of date. Reinforcement calculation results are removed, whereas
in the reinforcement result table, the table cells are presented in red (maps of reinforcement and panel cuts are inaccessible).
Under the panel list there are two calculation progress bars. The first indicates the current panel, while the other indicates all calculated panels. The bars are preceded by read only
fields that show the number of the calculated panel and how many panels have been calculated, respectively.
The lower part of the dialog contains the following options.
- Globally averaged design forces. This option is available when the results of calculations of plates and shells are discontinuous
for the forces in nodes of finite element mesh. If four finite elements converge in one node, a different force value is determined
for each element. If the Globally averaged design forces option is deselected, the results in nodes are averaged within a
given panel for which reinforcement is being calculated. If the option is selected, the results in the nodes are averaged
for all panels.
NoteIf Globally averaged design forces is selected, you should be careful while calculating reinforcement for plate structures
consisting of panels that are not located in one plane, for global averaging may result in the situation where quantities
that do not correspond to each other are averaged for the edges of such panels.
- Reduction of forces (at supports or above columns and walls). When selected, values of moments and stresses in the vicinity
of support points (or linear supports) are replaced with an average value obtained in the area near the supports/columns/walls
(see Reduction of values near supports).
If any errors occur during calculations, they will display in a prompt after completing the calculations.
When reinforcement area, cracking, stiffness and deflection are calculated, verification of the reinforcement area from zones
takes place. Verification is performed to obtain the final value of deflections. New areas are the basis for recalculation
of cracking and stiffness values. See Methods of calculation of deflections in plates / shells for more information on calculation algorithms of individual methods.
Verification (like calculations of required reinforcement) can be performed using either of the following methods.
- Equivalent stiffness (elastic).
- With stiffness update (inelastic).
Verification can be carried out for a freely-chosen combination or a combination component. In the SLS field, you can define
an arbitrary load type such as simple cases, combinations, time history analysis, and so on. Select the Auto option to perform
verification of a combination with the greatest elastic displacements for a given panel (arbitrary, selected from the Selection
dialog). Choose a combination to be verified. It will include combinations from the SLS drop-down list.
Method of calculating plate and shell reinforcement area.
Data incoherence (calculation of plate and shell reinforcement).
Methods of calculation of deflections in plates/shells.