The Display Color rollout specifies whether 3ds Max Design displays objects using their wireframe colors (also known as object colors) or their , when the objects have their set to By Object. If the display properties of an object is set to By Layer, the layer color is used for viewport display. You can choose one method for wireframe display and a different one for shaded display. In each shading mode you can specify whether the material or the object color is used.
By default, all new objects have their display properties set to By Object. You can change this default by turning on . When this switch is off (the default), all new objects created in 3ds Max Design display in the viewports using the settings on the Display Color rollout. A toggle for switching individual objects between By Object and By Layer is available in the Object Properties dialog .