Subdivision Surface Rollout (Polymesh)
 
 
 
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Create or select an editable poly object. Modify panel Subdivision Surface rollout

Applies subdivision to the object in the style of MeshSmooth, so you can work on a lower-resolution "cage" mesh and simultaneously see a smoother, subdivided result. This rollout is available at all sub-object levels, as well as at the object level, and always affects the entire object.

Interface

Smooth Result

Applies the same smoothing group to all polygons.

Use NURMS Subdivision

Applies smoothing via the NURMS method. See NURMS. The difference between NURMS in Editable Poly and MeshSmooth is that the latter gives you access to control vertices, but the former does not.

You control the degree of smoothing with the Iterations controls in the Display and Render groups.

NoteThe remaining controls on this rollout take effect only when Use NURMS Subdivision is on.
Isoline Display

When on, 3ds Max Design displays only isolines: the object's original edges, before smoothing. The benefit of using this option is a less cluttered display. When off, 3ds Max Design displays all faces added by NURMS Subdivision; thus, higher Iterations settings (see Subdivision Surface Rollout (Polymesh)) result in a greater number of lines. Default=on.

Smoothed box with Isoline Display off (left) and Isoline Display on (right).

NoteApplying a modifier to an Editable Poly object cancels the effect of the Isoline Display option; the wireframe display reverts to showing all polygons in the object. This is not, however, always the case with the MeshSmooth modifier. Most deformation and mapping modifiers maintain the isoline display, but others, such as the selection modifiers (except Volume Select) and the Turn To ... modifiers, cause the interior edges to be displayed.
Show Cage

Toggles the display of a two-color wireframe that shows the editable poly object before modification or subdivision. The cage colors are shown as swatches to the right of the check box. The first color represents unselected sub-objects, and the second color represents selected sub-objects. Change a color by clicking its swatch.

The cage displays the original structure of the edited object.

Typically this feature is used in conjunction with the NURMS Subdivision feature, or with the MeshSmooth modifier, because it lets you easily toggle visibility of the unsmoothed base object while simultaneously viewing the smoothed result, but it works with any modifier. When used with a modifier, turn on Show End Result to make Show Cage available.

TipShow Cage is particularly helpful when used with the Symmetry modifier.

Display group

Iterations

Sets the number of iterations used to smooth the poly object. Each iteration generates all polygons using the vertices created from the previous iteration. Range=0 to 10.

When the Iterations check box in the Render group (see following) is off, this setting controls iterations both in the viewports and at render time. When the check box is on, this setting controls iterations only in the viewports.

WarningUse caution when increasing the number of iterations. The number of vertices and polygons in an object (and thus the calculation time) can increase as much as four times for each iteration. Applying four iterations to even a moderately complex object can take a long time to calculate. To stop calculation and revert to the previous iteration setting, press Esc.
Smoothness

Determines how sharp a corner must be before polygons are added to smooth it. A value of 0.0 prevents the creation of any polygons. A value of 1.0 adds polygons to all vertices even if they lie on a plane.

When the Smoothness check box in the Render group (see following) is off, this setting controls smoothness both in the viewports and at render time. When the check box is on, this setting controls smoothness only in the viewports.

Render group

Applies a different number of smoothing iterations and/or a different Smoothness value to the object at render time.

TipUse a low number of iterations and/or a lower Sharpness value for modeling, and higher values for rendering. This lets you work quickly with a low-resolution object in the viewports, while producing a smoother object for rendering.
Iterations

Lets you choose a different number of smoothing iterations to be applied to the object at render time. Turn on Iterations, and then use the spinner to its right to set the number of iterations.

Smoothness

Lets you choose a different Smoothness value to be applied to the object at render time. Turn on Smoothness, and then use the spinner to its right to set the smoothness value.

Separate By group

Smoothing Groups

Prevents the creation of new polygons at edges between faces that don't share at least one smoothing group.

Materials

Prevents the creation of new polygons for edges between faces that do not share Material IDs.

Update Options group

Sets manual or render-time update options, for situations where the complexity of the smoothed object is too high for automatic updates.

TipYou can also use the Iterations settings in the Render group to set a greater degree of smoothing to be applied only at render time.
Update Option

Choose how the software is to update the mesh:

  • AlwaysUpdates the object automatically whenever you change any MeshSmooth settings.
  • When RenderingUpdates the viewport display of the object only at render time.
  • ManuallyAny settings you change don't take effect until you click the Update button.
Update

Updates the object in the viewport to match the current MeshSmooth settings. Works only when you choose When Rendering or Manually.