Geometry (All) Panel
 
 
 
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Modeling ribbon Graphite Modeling Tools/Freeform tab Geometry (All) panel

NoteThe Geometry (All) panel is visible by default only on the Graphite Modeling Tools tab but can be made visible on the Freeform tab via the right-click menu.

The Geometry (All) panel provides a subset of modeling tools from the Edit Geometry rollout and adds Cap Poly for creating a polygon from a vertex or edge selection and the Quadrify tools for converting polygons to quadrilaterals.

Interface

Geometry (All) panel on minimized ribbon

Geometry (All) panel on maximized ribbon, with expansion

Geometry (All) panel floating, with expansion

Relax

Applies the Relax function to the current selection, using the current Relax settings (see following). Relax normalizes mesh spacing by moving each vertex toward the average location of its neighbors. It works the same way as the Relax modifier.

At the object level, Relax applies to the entire object. At sub-object levels, Relax applies only to the current selection.

NoteTo open the Relax Settings dialog, use the drop-down or Shift+click the Relax button.
Relax Settings (on Relax drop-down)

Opens the Relax caddy, which lets you specify how the Relax function is applied.

Create

Lets you create new geometry. How this button behaves depends on which level is active:

  • Object, Polygon, and Element levelsLets you add polygons in the active viewport. After you turn on Create, click three or more times in succession anywhere, including on existing vertices, to define the shape of the new polygon. To finish, right-click.

    While creating a polygon at the Polygon or Element level, you can delete the most recently added vertex by pressing Backspace. You can do this repeatedly to remove added vertices in reverse order of placement.

    You can start creating polygons in any viewport, but all subsequent clicks must take place in the same viewport.

    TipFor best results, click vertices in counterclockwise (preferred) or clockwise order. If you use clockwise order, the new polygon will face away from you.
  • Vertex levelLets you add vertices to a single selected poly object. After selecting the object and clicking Create, click anywhere in space to add free-floating (isolated) vertices to the object. The new vertices are placed on the active construction plane unless object snapping is on. For example, with face snapping on, you can create vertices on object faces.
  • Edge and Border levelsLets you create an edge between a pair of non-adjacent vertices on the same polygon. Click Create, click a vertex, and then move the mouse. A rubber-band line extends from the vertex to the mouse cursor. Click a second, non-adjacent vertex on the same polygon to connect them with an edge. Repeat, or, to exit, right-click in the viewport or click Create again.

    Edges you create separate the polygons. For example, by creating an edge inside a quadrilateral polygon, you turn it into two triangles.

Attach

Lets you attach other objects in the scene to the selected poly object. After activating Attach, click an object to attach to the selected object. Attach remains active, so you can continue clicking objects to attach them. To exit, right-click in the active viewport or click the Attach button again.

You can attach any type of object, including splines, patch objects, and NURBS surfaces. Attaching a non-mesh object converts it to editable-poly format.

When you attach an object, the materials of the two objects are combined in the following way:

  • If the object being attached does not have a material assigned, it inherits the material of the object it is being attached to.

    Handle inherits material from the cup it is being attached to.

  • Likewise, if the object you're attaching to doesn't have a material, it inherits the material of the object being attached.
  • If both objects have materials, the resulting new material is a multi/sub-object material that includes the input materials. A dialog appears offering three methods of combining the objects' materials and material IDs. For more information, see Attach Options Dialog.

    Attach remains active in all sub-object levels, but always applies to objects.

NoteTo attach objects from a list, use the drop-down or Shift+click the Attach button.
Attach from List (on Attach drop-down)

Lets you attach other objects in the scene to the selected mesh. Click to open the Attach List dialog, which works like Select From Scene to let you choose multiple objects to attach.

Upper left: Shaded view of model

Upper right: Wireframe view of model

Lower left: Model with objects attached

Lower right: Subsequent multi/sub-object material

Collapse (Sub-object levels only)

Collapses groups of contiguous selected sub-objects by welding their vertices to a vertex at the selection center.

Using collapse on a vertex selection

Using collapse on a polygon selection

Detach (Sub-object levels only)

Detaches the selected sub–objects and the polygons attached to them as a separate object or element(s).

With an Editable Poly object, when you click Detach, the software prompts you for the options specified on the Detach dialog. With an Edit Poly object, Detach on the Modify panel automatically uses those settings. To change them, click Detach Settings (see following).

On the modeling ribbon, with an Edit Poly object, click Detach to open the Detach dialog, or Shift+click Detach to detach using the current settings.

Cap Poly

Creates a single polygon from a vertex or edge selection and selects the polygon. Available at all sub-object levels except Polygon and Element.

Select vertices or edges and then click Cap Poly.

TipTo cap an entire border, for best results use Cap Poly at the Border sub-object level.

Using Cap Poly with a vertex selection

Using Cap Poly with an edge selection

Using Cap Poly with a border selection

When capping an edge selection, the software uses the edge vertices to determine the feasibility of creating a polygon. When using Cap Poly at the Vertex or Edge level, the software requires a non-overlapping counter-clockwise sequence of selected sub-objects. Consider the example shown in the following illustration, in which the goal is to cap all border edges or vertices:

The software first determines the geometric center of the selected sub-objects (the small green disc), and then shoots out “rays” in counter-clockwise order from that location to find the locations of vertices from which to form a polygon. In this case, it finds vertex 6 before it finds vertex 7, but vertex 7 actually precedes vertex 6 when going around the border in counter-clockwise order. As a result, Cap Poly cannot form the polygon because the vertices it finds are in the wrong order.

In such cases, apply Cap Poly at the Border sub-object level.

Quadrify ...

A set of tools for converting triangles to quadrilaterals. Click the visible tool to apply it, or choose another tool from the drop-down list.

  • Quadrify AllRemoves edges from the entire object to convert triangles to four-sided polygons.
  • Quadrify SelectionRemoves edges from the current sub-object selection to convert triangles to four-sided polygons.
  • Select Edges from AllSelects edges that would be removed in a Quadrify All operation.

    To see the selection, go to the Edge sub-object level.

  • Select Edges from SelectionSelects edges that would be removed in a Quadrify All operation.

    To see the selection, go to the Edge sub-object level.

TipFor best results, the geometry to quadrify should be fairly uniform.
TipAnother way to convert a mesh to quads is with the Quadify Mesh modifier.
Slice Plane (sub-object levels only)

Creates a gizmo for a slice plane that you can position and rotate to specify where to slice. Also enables the Slice and Reset Plane buttons; click Slice to create new edges where the plane intersects the geometry.

If you use Slice Plane from the modeling ribbon, the Slice, Split, and Reset Plane controls are available on the Slice Mode contextual panel.

If snapping is off, you see a preview of the slice as you transform the slice plane. To perform the slice, click the Slice button.

NoteAt the Polygon or Element sub-object level, Slice Plane affects only selected polygons. To slice the entire object, use Slice Plane at any other sub-object level, or at the object level.