You can find and focus
on a specific subset of features so you do not have to review the
entire set of data manually to find what you need.
By in the Data Table to filter a feature
class using criteria based on a column of data.
Use Search when
you need a more comprehensive way to find features in map.
A query is like Search.
You define the set of criteria to find and bring in just the data
a filter can help you improve performance when working with large sets
of feature data. You can filter data after you bring
it into your map, or you can use Add To Map With Query to
apply a filter while you bring in the data.