Surface smoothing resolves a problem associated with individual contour smoothing where the smoothing is applied to individual contour lines without regard to adjacent contours, which sometimes creates overlapping contours. Surface smoothing results in smoothed contours with no overlaps:
There are other benefits to surface smoothing. The Kriging method enables you to extrapolate, beyond the extents of a surface, based on the statistical trends across the existing surface. For example, if a site contains a random sample of borehole elevations (a sparse set of data points), you can statistically extrapolate a representation of a surface.
Because smoothing is an edit operation performed on a surface, you can specify smoothing properties and turn them on or off. When you turn the smoothing off, the surface reverts back to its original state, but the smoothing properties are preserved in the surface operation list. For more information about the operation list, see .
Choose between several options when you use either of the NNI or Kriging surface smoothing methods for the interpolation and extrapolation of the point output.
Use Natural Neighbor Interpolation (NNI) to estimate the elevation (Z) of an arbitrary point (p) from a set of points with known elevations.
Kriging is more complex than Natural Neighbor Interpolation. It requires both a model of the spatial continuity or dependence (in the form of a covariance or semivariogram), and a sample of surface data to determine the statistical trend on which to base interpolated/extrapolated points.