Draw, Scale, and Annotate in Model Space
 
 
 

If you draw and plot from model space, you must determine and apply a scale factor to annotate objects before you plot.

You can draw and plot entirely from model space. This method is useful primarily for two-dimensional drawings that have a single view. With this method, you use the following process:

You can also use annotative objects if you want to scale annotations automatically. For information about using annotative objects and scaling annotations automatically, see Scale Annotations.

Determine the Unit of Measurement

Before you begin drawing in model space, you determine the unit of measurement (drawing units) that you plan to use. You decide what each unit on the screen represents, such as an inch, a millimeter, a kilometer, or some other unit of measurement. For example, if you are drawing a motor part, you might decide that one drawing unit equals a millimeter. If you are drawing a map, you might decide that one unit equals a kilometer.

Specify the Display Style of Drawing Units

Once you have determined a drawing unit for the drawing, you need to specify the style for displaying the drawing unit, which includes the unit type and precision. For example, a value of 14.5 can be displayed as 14.500, 14-1/2, or 1'2-1/2".

Specify the display style of drawing units with the UNITS command. The default drawing unit type is decimal.

Set the Scale for Annotations and Blocks

Before you draw, you should set the scale for dimensions, annotations, and blocks in your drawings. Scaling these elements beforehand ensures that they are at the correct size when you plot the final drawing.

You should enter the scale for the following objects:

You can also use annotative objects if you want to scale annotations automatically. For information about using annotative objects and scaling annotations automatically, see Scale Annotations.

Determine the Scale Factor for Plotting

To plot your drawing from the Model tab, you calculate the exact scale factor by converting the drawing scale to a ratio of 1:n. This ratio compares plotted units to drawing units that represent the actual size of the objects you are drawing.

For example, if you plan to plot at a scale of 1/4 inch = 1 foot, you would calculate the scale factor 48 as follows:

1/4" = 12"

1 = 12 x 4

1 (plotted unit) = 48 (drawing units)

Using the same calculation, the scale factor for 1 centimeter = 1 meter is 100, and the scale factor for 1 inch = 20 feet is 240.

Sample Scale Ratios

The sample architectural scale ratios in the table can be used to calculate text sizes in model space.

Scale

Scale factor

To plot text size at

Set drawing text size to

1 cm = 1 m

100

3 mm

30 cm

1/8" = 1'-0"

96

1/8"

12"

3/16" = 1'-0"

64

1/8"

8"

1/4" = 1'-0"

48

1/8"

6"

3/8" = 1'-0"

32

1/8"

4"

1/2" = 1'-0"

24

1/8"

3"

3/4" = 1'-0"

16

1/8"

2"

1" = 1'-0"

12

1/8"

1.5"

1 1/2" = 1'-0"

8

1/8"

1.0"

If you are working in metric units, you might have a sheet size of 210 x 297 mm (A4 size) and a scale factor of 20. You calculate grid limits as follows:

210 x 20 = 4200 mm

297 x 20 = 5900 mm

See Also
To specify the display style for drawing units
Commands
System Variables
Utilities
Command Modifiers