MAXWrapper Common Properties, Operators, and Methods
 
 
 

Value > MAXWrapper : Value > MAXWrapper Derived Value

The following properties and methods are applicable to any value that is derived from MAXWrapper.

Properties

The following MAXWrapper value and class properties give you access to the plug-in category, such as Standard Primitives, Extended Primitives, or Particle Systems:

<MAXWrapperobject>.category Name, read-only 
<maxclass>.category Name, read-only 
<maxsuperclass>.categories Array, read-only 	 

The category property returns a Name value containing the category. You can use it on either a 3ds Max object class, such as Line, Box, or Fog, or on an instance of any 3ds Max object class. For scene nodes, the category usually corresponds to one of the names in the drop down list in the Create panel. These are the categories such as #Standard_Primitives , #Compound_Objects , and #Particles_Only .

For modifiers, the category determines which group the modifier appears in the Configure Button Sets / Modifiers list. These are the categories such as #MAX_STANDARD , #MAX_EDIT , and #MAX_SURFACE .

For textures, the category determines which group the texture appears in the Material/Map Browser. These are the categories such as #2D (2D maps), #3D (3D maps), and #COMP (Compositors).

The categories property can be used on any of the 3ds Max object superclasses, such as Shape, GeometryClass, Helper, SpacewarpObject, TextureMap, or Modifier, to get a list of the available categories for that superclass, returned as an array of Names.

FOR EXAMPLE:

$line01.category --returns #Splines
Gengon.category --returns #Extended_Primitives
Shape.categories --returns #(#Shape, #Splines, #NURBS_Curves)

   

<maxsuperclass>.classes Array, read-only   

Returns an array of MAXClass values that belong to the MAXSuperClass. These MAXClass values can be used to create instances of the class.

FOR EXAMPLE:

--create an instance of each light class:
for aLight in light.classes do aLight()

   

<MAXWrapperobject>.classID 
<maxclass>.classID 

The classID property retrieves the internal 3ds Max Class ID of the MAXWrapper classes and objects.

The value returned is an array containing two numbers, PartA and PartB of the 3ds Max internal class ID.

For a MAXWrapper object, the value returned is the Class ID of the class the object is an instance of.

The combination of the PartA and PartB numbers is guaranteed to be unique for each class.

FOR EXAMPLE:

Box.classID --returns #(16, 0)
b=box()
b.classID --returns #(16, 0)

   

<MAXWrapperObject>.superClassID 
<maxclass>.superClassID 

Retrieves the 3ds Max superclass ID of the MAXWrapper classes and objects.

   

<maxclass>.creatable Boolean, read-only

Returns true if the class is flagged as being creatable.

This property returning true does not guarantee that the class is really creatable.

   

<maxclass>.ispb2based Boolean, read-only

Returns true if the underlying class definition is a ClassDesc2, false if a ClassDesc.

ClassDesc2 classes use ParamBlock2, ClassDesc classes use ParamBlock (pre-3ds Max3).

   

<maxclass>.localizedName 

A read-only property which contains the localized name of the class.

   

<maxclass>.dllName String, read-only 

NEW in 3ds Max 2012: A read-only property which contains the DLL file name implementing the class, if the class was defined by a plugin DLL; otherwise it will contain undefined.

   

<maxclass>.dllIsLoaded Boolean, read-only

NEW in 3ds Max 2012: A read-only boolean property which contains true when the DLL implementing the class has been already loaded or false when it has been deferred. If the class was not defined in a plugin DLL, this property will contain undefined.

FOR EXAMPLE:

for sc in superclasses do
(
format "%\n" sc
for c in sc.classes do
format "\t% : % : %\n" c c.dllName c.dllIsLoaded
)

   

Methods

copy <MAXWrapper_object> 

The copy() function is implemented by all the 3ds Max objects available in MAXScript, such as scene objects, controllers, modifiers, materials, etc. You can use this function to make a clone of the source object, for example in situations where you want individual copies or you want to make a shared object unique.

FOR EXAMPLE:

addModifier $foo $baz.bend

will cause foo to share the bend modifier on baz , whereas:

addModifier $foo (copy $baz.bend)

will give foo a separate clone of the bend modifier on baz . Any changes to the bend modifier on foo will not affect baz and vice versa.

In the next example, we set up several objects all sharing a single rotation controller.

EXAMPLE:

c = bezier_rotation()
$foo.rotation.controller = c
$baz.rotation.controller = c
$bar.rotation.controller = c

To later make one of the controllers unique, you could do this:

$baz.rotation.controller = copy $baz.rotation.controller

When the MAXWrapper object is not a scene node, the copy is only created in MAXScript memory. When the MAXWrapper object is a scene node, a new scene node is created which is visible and accessible by the user in the 3ds Max viewports.

   

exprForMAXObject <MAXWrapper_object> [explicitNames: <boolean>] 

Returns a string containing a MAXScript expression that will 'name' the specified MAXWrapper object using property access and indexes as needed.

FOR EXAMPLE:

If you have in variable m a bend modifier on a scene object named "foo", then:

exprForMAXObject m

would yield the string:

"$foo.bend"

When the explicitNames: option is set to true,explicit node names are returned. When set to false, selection relative names are returned. If not specified, the current Macro Recorder settings under Customize>Preferences>MAXScript tab>Code Generation are used.

This method is an exposure of an internal method used by the MacroRecorder. When the explicitNames: option is not specified, its output will vary depending on the Macro Recorder options.

MACRO RECORDER EXAMPLE:

b=box()
-->$Box:Box02 @ [0.000000,0.000000,0.000000]
c=b.pos.controller
-->Controller:Bezier_Position
exprformaxobject c
-->"$Box02.pos.controller"
bm=bend()
-->Bend:Bend
addmodifier b bm
-->OK
exprformaxobject bm
-->"$Box02.modifiers[#Bend]"

Here, changing the Macro Recorder options from "Explicit scene object names" to "Selection-relative scene object names", yields:

exprformaxobject bm
-->"$.modifiers[#Bend]"
Note

In some cases, the Macro Recorder generated code does not work as expected. One such case is the ambientColorController - exprForMaxObject() returns an invalid expression in this case:

exprForMaxObject ambientColorController
-->"Scene[#Environment].Ambient_Light.controller"

Possible workarounds to access the ambient color controller are

(getclassinstances scene)[1].Environment.Background_Color.controller 

(getclassinstances RenderEnvironment)[1].Background_Color.controller

   

createInstance <maxclass> [ keyarg1:v] [ keyarg2:v] ... 

This method is used to directly create the 'base objects' that you see in a Node (or any other object). The main use for this is to create temporary geometry base objects from which meshes will be extracted to help create the meshes for scripted geometry primitive plug-ins. The optional <keyargs> are the same base-object keyword arguments as can be supplied for the class constructor. These are typically the parameters of the base object.

FOR EXAMPLE:

b = createInstance Box length:10 height:40 width:20

creates an instance of a Box. This box will not appear in the 3ds Max viewports, as it is not a node. It only contains the geometry associated with the Box object. You can get at the mesh representation of these instanced objects with the mesh property, which yields a TriMesh value.

   

replaceInstances <old_MAXWrapper> <new_MAXWrapper> transferCAs: <bool> 

Replaces all instances of the old MAXWrapper with the new MAXWrapper. Old and new MAXWrapper must have the same superclass.

If transferCAs is true , any custom attributes on the old_MAXWrapper are transferred to the new_MAXWrapper if there is at least one occurrence of transferring the reference.

References are not transferred for MAXWrapper values.

Available in 3ds Max 2008 and higher. Previously available in the Avguard Extensions.

WARNING:

Minimal error checking, use with extreme caution!

   

isValidObj <value> 

Returns true if the value points to a MAX object (a MAXWrapper), and the MAX object has not been deleted.

Note

In some casesthe MAX object may have been deleted from the scene, but the object itself has not been deleted yet. This method will return true in this case.

getClassName <MAXWrapper> 

Returns the class name of theMAXWrapperas a string value

Dependencies

An important internal mechanism in 3ds Max defines the dependency relationship between 3ds Max objects. For example, a material depends on its various maps, a path controller depends on its percent controller, a scene node depends on its base object, etc. The following method returns the MAXWrapper objects that depend on a specified MAXWrapper object.

refs.dependents&<MAXWrapper_object>[ immediateOnly:&<boolean>] 

Returns an array of the other 3ds Max MAXWrapper objects depend on the specified MAXWrapper object. The specified MAXWrapper object can be any MAXWrapper object, such as a scene node, controller, material, modifier, etc.

If the optional keyword immediateOnly is supplied and set to true, only the immediate dependents of the specified object will be returned.

FOR EXAMPLE:

refs.dependents $foo.material.diffuseMap

COULD RETURN

#(Material_#3, Material_#2, Map_#2:Noise, Material_#1)

which shows that the diffuseMap in $foo is referenced in material #1, material #2, material #3, and noise TextureMap #2.

The following example shows several objects being created, and sets up controllers on the objects which depend on other objects.

SCRIPT:

theSphere=sphere ()-- create a sphere
theCone=cone radius1:0 radius2:20-- create a cone
theHelix=helix height:100 pos:[100,100,0]-- create a helix
theCone.target=theSphere-- assign theSphere as target of theCone
--  a lookat controller is automatically
--  assigned to theCone
--  assign path controller to theSphere, path to follow is the helix
theSphere.position.controller=path path:theHelix
refs.dependents theSphere-- show dependents of the sphere
refs.dependents theCone-- show dependents of the cone
refs.dependents theHelix-- show dependents of the helix

OUTPUT:

$Sphere:Sphere02 @ [0,0,0]-- result line 1
$Cone:Cone02 @ [0,0,0]-- result line 2
$Helix:Helix02 @ [100,100,0]-- result line 3
$Sphere:Sphere02 @ [0,0,0]-- result line 4
Controller:Path-- result line 8
#(Controller:Look_At, $Cone:Cone02 @ [0,0,0])-- result line 9
#()-- result line 10
--  following is output of line 11
#(Controller:Path, Controller:Position_Rotation_Scale, $Sphere:Sphere02 @ [0,0,0], Controller:Look_At, $Cone:Cone02 @ [0,0,0])

   

refs.dependsOn <MAXWrapper_object> 

Returns an array of the other 3ds Max MAXWrapper objects that the specified MAXWrapper object directly depends on.

The specified MAXWrapper object can be any MAXWrapper object, such as a scene node, controller, material, or modifier.

FOR EXAMPLE:

b = box()
refs.dependsOn b

RETURNS

#(Controller::Position_Rotation_Scale, Box)

This shows that the node directly depends on its transform controller and its base object. The node will also be indirectly dependent on the MAXWrapper objects that these objects depend on (the position, rotation, and scale controllers for the transform controller).

refs.dependson also returns the Custom Attributes of an object. In versions prior to 3ds Max 7, Custom Attributes were not considered by this method as technically they are not dependent on the object.

   

refs.dependencyLoopTest <MAXWrapper_object> <MAXWrapper_object> 

Returns true if the two MAXWrapper objects would create a dependency loop, false otherwise.

FOR EXAMPLE:

a = box pos:[-100,0,0]
$Box:Box01 @ [-100.000000,0.000000,0.000000]
b = box pos:[100,0,0]
$Box:Box02 @ [100.000000,0.000000,0.000000]
a.material = standardMaterial()
Standardmaterial:Standard
refs.dependencyLoopTesta b
false
refs.dependencyLoopTest a a.material
true

   

refs.dependentNodes <MAXObject> firstOnly: <bool> baseObjectOnly: <bool> 

Returns node(s) that are dependent on the specified MAXObject.

If firstOnly: is true, if no nodes are dependent on the specified MAXObject a value of 'undefined' is returned, otherwise a MAXNode value corresponding to the first dependent node found is returned.

If firstOnly: is false or not specified, the return value is always an array.

If baseObjectOnly: is true, only nodes where the MAXObject is the base object will be returned.

Available in 3ds Max 2008 and higher. Previously available in the Avguard Extensions.

   

notifyDependents <MAXObject> partIDmsg: <name>: <int> propogate: <bool> 

Sends notification message to the dependents of the object.

Available in 3ds Max 2008 and higher. Previously available in the Avguard Extensions.

Valid partID values and their SDK equivalents are:

#topo

PART_TOPO

#geom

PART_GEOM

#texmap

PART_TEXMAP

#mtl

PART_MTL

#TM

PART_TM

#obj

PART_OBJ

#objectType

PART_OBJECT_TYPE

#select

PART_SELECT

#subSelType

PART_SUBSEL_TYPE

#display

PART_DISPLAY

#vertColor

PART_VERTCOLOR

#gfxData

PART_GFX_DATA

#dispApprox

PART_DISP_APPROX

#extension

PART_EXTENSION

#TMchannel

PART_TM_CHAN

#MTLChannel

PART_MTL_CHAN

#all

PART_ALL

#putInFG

PART_PUT_IN_FG

The default partID is #all.

The msg value corresponds to one of the REFMSG values specified in maxsdk\include\ref.h, and documented in the SDK Help file under topic "List of Reference Messages and the their PartID parameters". The default msg value is 0x050 (REFMSG_CHANGE), unless partID is #putInFG, in which case the default is 0x070 (REFMSG_FLAGDEPENDENTS).

If propogate: is true (the default), the messages are propagated to the dependents of the dependents, recursively.

This method is useful for notifying scripted controllers that a value used in the controller has changed.

FOR EXAMPLE, RUN:

globalmySphereRadius = 10
s=sphere()
s.radius.controller = float_script()
s.radius.controller.script ="mySphereRadius"

NOW RUN:

mySphereRadius = 50

The viewport will not update to refect the change.

NOW RUN:

notifydependents s.radius.controller

The viewport updates to reflect that the dependents of the controller (the sphere base object and the node) have been notified that the controller has changed.

   

disableRefMsgs() 
enableRefMsgs() 

Disable/enable reference notification system. Must be paired.

Available in 3ds Max 2008 and higher. Previously available in the Avguard Extensions.

WARNING!

USE WITH EXTREME CAUTION!!!

See Also